Burglary There's No Alternative 

Newport Beach Burglary Attorneys

Providing Effective Defense Throughout Orange County, Riverside, San Bernardino & Los Angeles

In California, the penalties for burglary are severe, making it extremely important that every defendant has a skilled Newport Beach lawyer assisting them with their matter. If you have been charged, you need to understand the laws concerning your rights, so you know the best ways to protect yourself. You also need an experienced legal professional to represent you in court. These charges are serious allegations that carry life-altering consequences. It’s necessary to understand your options and the ramifications you are facing to help give yourself the best chances of success.

If you’ve been charged with burglary, we want to help you. Our burglary defense attorneys have extensive experience assisting those accused of these offenses and have a long history of successful case outcomes. Whether you have been falsely accused or need the court to understand the mitigating circumstances that justify leniency, our team at the Law Offices of Randy Collins will provide a defense that is tailored to your needs.

If you’re in need of legal representation, call (844) 285-9559 for a free consultation to help alleviate your fears and determine what options are available.

California Burglary Defined

California PC 459 defines burglary as entering a structure (i.e., residence, commercial property, vehicle, room, storage facility, or other structure) with the intent to commit a crime or felony (i.e., theft, robbery, assault, rape, homicide, vandalism, arson, etc.). Because burglaries can be charged as misdemeanors or felonies depending on the circumstances, you need an experienced criminal defense attorney to represent you to protect your legal rights.

The elements of burglary include:

Entry

The entry into property that triggers a California burglary prosecution does not require “breaking and entering.” A burglar does not need to pick a lock, pry open a window, or kick down a door. The crime only requires some part of the accused’s body to penetrate the outer boundary of the building or room.

With the exception of vehicles, it does not matter whether the place that is entered is locked or unlocked. A vehicle can usually be burglarized only if it is locked, although entering an occupied camper to commit a theft or felony is a burglary even if the camper is unlocked.

Intent

While people think of burglars as entering a home and making off with jewels and electronics, burglary can be charged even if the accused does not steal anything after entering the building. Entering with the intent to steal is enough, whether or not the theft is completed.

In addition, while the intended crime is usually theft, entering a building with the intent to commit any felony is a burglary. For example, entering a room with the intent to rape or kill its occupant can be charged as a burglary, even if the intended crime is never committed.

Entering a building with the intent to commit a misdemeanor other than theft (such as vandalism) or with no intent to commit a crime might be a criminal trespass, but those facts do not justify a burglary charge.

The Difference Between First- and Second-Degree Burglary

In California, there are two degrees of burglary: first and second. First-degree, often referred to as residential because it involves entering a residence or structure designed for habitation, is a felony. The structure does not need to be occupied at the time of the offense to qualify as first-degree.

The following fictional story could be considered an example of first-degree burglary:

Sandy and her girlfriend have been burglarizing businesses for years. Their new “score” had been scoped out, and they were ready to move in. They went in at night, and in the middle of their burglary, a person came out of nowhere and threatened them with a gun. They soon learned that the business owner resides within the building. They wait for the police to arrive at which time Sandy and her friend are charged with first-degree burglary.

Second-degree burglary, also known as commercial, covers all other allegations. In California, this is a “wobbler” offense meaning that it can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor. The level you may be charged with depends upon the circumstances surrounding your particular alleged offense. In most cases, the prosecutor will consider the totality of the circumstances surrounding the crime when deciding whether to charge the defendant with felony second-degree or misdemeanor second-degree.

California law distinguishes shoplifting from a commercial burglary. Shoplifting is the correct charge if someone enters a business during its regular business hours with the intent to steal property that has a value of $950 or less. Entering a store to commit a theft while the store is closed or entering with the intent to steal property worth more than $950 are examples of a commercial burglary.

Entering a car or other vehicle with the intent to commit a theft or felony is also second-degree burglary, but only if the vehicle is locked. Burglaries of homes, stores, rooms, or other buildings can occur even if the premises are not locked. Except for vehicles, “breaking and entering” is no different from walking through an unlocked door.

Both first and second are serious charges. However, first-degree counts as a strike under California’s three strikes law. On the other hand, second-degree, even when charged as a felony, does not count as a strike. Because of the severity of the three strikes law, you need an experienced burglary defense attorney to defend you against aggressive prosecution.

What Prosecutors Need to Convict Burglary Defendants

California Penal Code 459 and 460 concern burglary offenses. To convict you, the prosecution must first prove that you entered an enclosure with the intent to commit a felony theft offense.

Enclosures include:

  • Homes
  • Rooms
  • Apartments
  • Businesses, shops or stores
  • Warehouses
  • Stables or barns
  • Mills
  • Outhouses or other buildings
  • Tents
  • Vehicles
  • Inhabited campers
  • Trailer coaches
  • Locked or sealed cargo containers
  • Floating homes
  • Vessels
  • Aircraft
  • Mines

To convict a defendant of a first-degree offense, a prosecutor must prove three elements:

  1. The defendant entered an inhabitable structure or room within that structure whether or not the structure was occupied at the time of entry or not
  2. That the defendant entered the structure with the intent to commit a theft or other felony
  3. Prove the above two elements beyond a reasonable doubt, meaning that when presented with the evidence, the average person would not be left with a reasonable doubt that the defendant actually committed the crime with which they are charged

The elements of second-degree burglary are the same, with the exception of the structure. In second-degree, the structure is an enclosure other than a home or other inhabitable structure.

It is important to remember that you need not have completed the theft to be found guilty in California. Only your intent is in question when determining if you are guilty. Proving intent is a bit more complicated.

A prosecutor has the burden of proving that your intent was to commit a theft when you entered the premises.

A prosecutor may attempt to prove intent in several ways, including, but not limited to:

  • You entered the premises in possession of tools such as empty bags for carrying items, crowbars, flashlight, pliers, wrench, etc.
  • You were wearing clothing that would disguise or hide your appearance, making it difficult for your identity to be known.
  • You entered the premises after regular business hours, at night, or at another time that would hide your intention.
  • Your statements to the owners of the premises, to third parties, or to the police when you were arrested.

Because intent is difficult to prove, criminal defense attorneys often rely heavily on convincing a jury that the prosecution has not proven beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant actually intended to commit a theft or felony.

Burglary Penalties

Because first-degree burglary is considered a strike, you must serve a minimum of 85% of your sentence regardless of any other circumstances before you are considered for parole. First-time offenders face 2 to 6 years in state prison and/or up to $10,000 in fines. Probation is not typically granted in most cases. It is also important to remember that because this falls within the three strikes law, subsequent charges could result in 25 years to life in prison if found guilty.

Burglary that is charged as a misdemeanor carries a maximum 1-year sentence in county jail and/or a fine of $6,000 if the defendant is found guilty. However, if the charge is felony second-degree, the sentence can be up to 3 years in state prison and the fine up to $10,000.

Minimum or maximum sentencing for burglary depend on factors such as:

  • If a weapon or firearm was used during the course of the burglary
  • If someone was injured
  • If so, the extent of the victim’s bodily injuries

Defending a Burglary Charge in California

Innocent people are often accused of burglary. A stray fingerprint might be mistaken for “evidence” of a crime despite your innocent presence in the property prior to the burglary. Mistaken identity is frequently a defense to burglary.

Some people enter property with the incorrect belief that they have permission to enter the home. Some people mistake another person’s property for their own. Since those entries are made with no intent to commit a crime inside the premises, you have a defense to the charge in those situations.

You have the right to present a defense to criminal accusations. To mount a vigorous defense, you need an accomplished criminal defense attorney. Randy Collins has been recognized as an “OC Metro Top Attorney.” He defends clients accused of burglary in Orange County and across Southern California. You can count on our team to leave no stone unturned as we investigate the facts, raise legal challenges to the prosecution, and design a persuasive defense to meets your needs.

An experienced criminal defense attorney has a variety of defenses that they can utilize when arguing on behalf of a defendant.

Common defenses may include:

  • The items you took belong to you
  • You were given permission by the owner to enter the premises and remove the items
  • You did not intend to commit theft
  • A simple case of mistaken identity

Other defenses, such as an illegal search and the failure to administer Miranda warnings, can also be asserted in appropriate cases. The best defense is the one that explains innocence, creates reasonable doubt, or causes the evidence to be thrown out. That defense depends upon a careful investigation of the facts and a thorough analysis of the law.

Contact Our Firm Today

If you are charged in California, the most important thing to remember is to immediately contact an experienced burglary defense attorney. At the Law Offices of Randy Collins, we offer a free confidential case evaluation for anyone facing charges. Our Newport Beach attorneys can help get you back on the right track. We are dedicated to providing superior representation and can provide you with valuable service.

Call (844) 285-9559 or contact us online today to speak with one of our burglary defense lawyers about your options. We provide a free consultation for anyone facing burglary charges in Orange County and Riverside.

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